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US Constitution Fast Facts

Here's a look at United States Constituti...

Posted: Sep 21, 2018 5:48 AM
Updated: Sep 21, 2018 5:48 AM

Here's a look at United States Constitution, which establishes and sets forth the ultimate law of the land.

The Constitution is comprised of a preamble, seven articles and 27 amendments (last addition in 1992).

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The first three articles of the Constitution sets up the federal system by dividing power between three branches of government - the legislative, executive and judicial. The Fourth and Tenth Amendments insure states' rights and separate the federal and state governments.

Federal powers listed in the Constitution include the right to collect taxes, declare war and regulate trade. The federal government has implied powers that allow the government to respond to changing needs of the nation.

Reserved powers, as dictated by the Tenth Amendment, belong to the states or the people. State powers include the right to legislate on divorce, marriage and education. The right to own property and the right to be tried by a jury are powers reserved for the people.

In some cases, there are concurrent powers, where both the federal and state governments may act. The federal government has authority in case of a conflict.

Final authority in the interpretation of the Constitution lies with the Supreme Court. It can overturn any law that conflicts with any part of the Constitution.

Original copies of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights are on display at the National Archives in Washington, DC.

The Constitutional Convention:
May 25, 1787 - The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia to discuss revising the Articles of Confederation. They decide instead to write the Constitution of the United States, and hold secret meetings with sentries posted outside the doors.

Twelve of the 13 states send delegates to the Constitutional Convention. Rhode Island does not send delegates because it does not want a national government to interfere with its affairs.

George Washington serves as president of the convention. Other delegates include: Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Dickinson, Gouverneur Morris, Edmund Randolph, Roger Sherman, James Wilson and George Wythe.

Franklin, of Pennsylvania, is the oldest delegate at 81, and the youngest is Jonathon Dayton, 26, of New Jersey.

September 17, 1787 - Thirty-nine of the 55 delegates sign the Constitution of the United States. Each state holds a Constitutional Convention and once nine states ratify the Constitution, the new government can begin.

June 21, 1788 - New Hampshire is the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, therefore putting it into effect. However, New York and Virginia had not yet ratified the Constitution and these states' acceptance was necessary for the Constitution to work.

June 25, 1788 - Virginia ratifies the Constitution.

July 26, 1788 - New York ratifies the Constitution.

Bill of Rights:
The promise of a Bill of Rights helped the Constitution get ratified in several important states.

The amendments in the Bill of Rights were written to protect individual liberties against possible unjust rule by the national government.

Madison suggested 15 amendments; Congress accepted 12 to be submitted to the states. Ten were approved by the states and added to the Constitution as the Bill of Rights.

December 15, 1791 - The Bill of Rights goes into effect.

Constitutional Amendments:
An amendment may be proposed by two-thirds of each house of Congress, or by a national convention called by Congress in response to requests by two-thirds of the state legislatures.

It becomes part of the Constitution after being ratified either by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states or by conventions in three-fourths of the states.

Congress decides which form of ratification should be used and how much time the states have to consider each amendment.

The process of amending the Constitution was designed to be difficult.

Amendments:
Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, and the press; rights of assembly and petition - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 3 - Housing of soldiers - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 4 - Search and arrest warrants - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 5 - Rights in criminal cases - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 6 - Rights to a fair trial - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 7 - Rights in civil cases - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 8 - Bails, fines and punishments - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 9 - Rights retained by the people - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 10 - Powers retained by the states and the people - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 11 - Lawsuits against states - proposed March 4, 1794; ratified February 7, 1795

Amendment 12 - Election of the president and vice president - proposed December 9, 1803; ratified July 27, 1804

Amendment 13 - Abolition of slavery - proposed January 31, 1865; ratified December 5, 1865

Amendment 14 - Civil rights - proposed June 13, 1866; ratified July 9, 1868

Amendment 15 - Black suffrage - proposed February 26, 1869; ratified February 3, 1870

Amendment 16 - Income taxes - proposed July 12, 1909; ratified February 3, 1913

Amendment 17 - Direct election of senators - proposed May 13, 1912; ratified April 8, 1913

Amendment 18 - Prohibition of liquor - proposed December 18, 1917; ratified December 16, 1919

Amendment 19 - Woman suffrage - proposed June 4, 1919; ratified August 18, 1920

Amendment 20 - Terms of the president and Congress - proposed March 2, 1932; ratified January 23, 1933

Amendment 21 - Repeal of prohibition - proposed February 20, 1933; ratified December 5, 1933

Amendment 22 - Limitation of presidents to two terms - proposed March 24, 1947; ratified February 27, 1951

Amendment 23 - Suffrage in the District of Columbia - proposed June 16, 1960; ratified March 21, 1961

Amendment 24 - Poll taxes - proposed August 27, 1962; ratified January 23, 1964

Amendment 25 - Presidential disability and succession - proposed July 6, 1965; ratified February 10, 1967

Amendment 26 - Suffrage for 18-year-olds - proposed March 23, 1971; ratified July 1, 1971

Amendment 27 - Congressional salaries - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified May 7, 1992

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 253932

Reported Deaths: 5524
CountyCasesDeaths
DeSoto17197175
Hinds16280322
Harrison13502193
Rankin10749211
Jackson10407183
Lee8819141
Madison8262162
Jones6375110
Forrest5992119
Lauderdale5873180
Lowndes5381116
Lafayette496692
Lamar487565
Washington4800123
Bolivar3978108
Oktibbeha393880
Panola370779
Pontotoc365353
Monroe3543105
Warren353498
Union344760
Marshall342665
Neshoba3383152
Pearl River329799
Leflore3004105
Lincoln297685
Sunflower284969
Hancock273459
Tate272462
Alcorn264053
Pike263577
Itawamba262959
Scott246645
Yazoo245955
Prentiss245652
Copiah241949
Tippah241750
Simpson235767
Coahoma233754
Leake231164
Grenada218470
Covington213071
Marion212072
Adams205870
Wayne201331
Winston200564
George199338
Attala193759
Newton192842
Tishomingo186359
Chickasaw183944
Jasper170835
Holmes168767
Clay159433
Stone143621
Tallahatchie141034
Clarke138960
Calhoun136121
Smith120823
Yalobusha117034
Walthall112336
Noxubee110522
Greene110229
Montgomery109634
Carroll104521
Lawrence102617
Perry102231
Amite98025
Webster92424
Tunica86721
Claiborne86625
Jefferson Davis84825
Humphreys83024
Benton81823
Kemper77220
Quitman6918
Franklin66615
Choctaw60513
Wilkinson58425
Jefferson54319
Sharkey43017
Issaquena1596
Unassigned00

Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Cases: 424028

Reported Deaths: 6121
CountyCasesDeaths
Jefferson62258921
Mobile30381549
Madison27160186
Tuscaloosa20779267
Montgomery19049305
Shelby18572114
Baldwin16346182
Lee12515101
Morgan12260113
Etowah11757168
Calhoun11161200
Marshall10199107
Houston8630148
Cullman8036105
Limestone802874
Elmore7849101
DeKalb768897
Lauderdale760083
St. Clair7555120
Talladega6180108
Walker5903174
Jackson581341
Colbert533573
Blount530883
Autauga519855
Coffee443956
Dale398581
Franklin367548
Chilton337665
Russell331710
Covington327768
Escambia319342
Dallas303396
Chambers284269
Clarke282133
Tallapoosa2617107
Pike249429
Marion246250
Lawrence244247
Winston227335
Bibb216247
Geneva202535
Marengo199729
Pickens197031
Hale176442
Barbour173036
Butler170258
Fayette169026
Cherokee160530
Henry154421
Monroe145617
Randolph140735
Washington137726
Clay126745
Crenshaw119544
Lamar118219
Cleburne117723
Macon115035
Lowndes110735
Wilcox103121
Bullock99128
Perry97719
Conecuh94420
Sumter89126
Greene76123
Coosa60515
Choctaw51524
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