US Constitution Fast Facts

Here's a look at United States Constituti...

Posted: Sep 21, 2018 5:48 AM
Updated: Sep 21, 2018 5:48 AM

Here's a look at United States Constitution, which establishes and sets forth the ultimate law of the land.

The Constitution is comprised of a preamble, seven articles and 27 amendments (last addition in 1992).

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The first three articles of the Constitution sets up the federal system by dividing power between three branches of government - the legislative, executive and judicial. The Fourth and Tenth Amendments insure states' rights and separate the federal and state governments.

Federal powers listed in the Constitution include the right to collect taxes, declare war and regulate trade. The federal government has implied powers that allow the government to respond to changing needs of the nation.

Reserved powers, as dictated by the Tenth Amendment, belong to the states or the people. State powers include the right to legislate on divorce, marriage and education. The right to own property and the right to be tried by a jury are powers reserved for the people.

In some cases, there are concurrent powers, where both the federal and state governments may act. The federal government has authority in case of a conflict.

Final authority in the interpretation of the Constitution lies with the Supreme Court. It can overturn any law that conflicts with any part of the Constitution.

Original copies of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights are on display at the National Archives in Washington, DC.

The Constitutional Convention:
May 25, 1787 - The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia to discuss revising the Articles of Confederation. They decide instead to write the Constitution of the United States, and hold secret meetings with sentries posted outside the doors.

Twelve of the 13 states send delegates to the Constitutional Convention. Rhode Island does not send delegates because it does not want a national government to interfere with its affairs.

George Washington serves as president of the convention. Other delegates include: Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Dickinson, Gouverneur Morris, Edmund Randolph, Roger Sherman, James Wilson and George Wythe.

Franklin, of Pennsylvania, is the oldest delegate at 81, and the youngest is Jonathon Dayton, 26, of New Jersey.

September 17, 1787 - Thirty-nine of the 55 delegates sign the Constitution of the United States. Each state holds a Constitutional Convention and once nine states ratify the Constitution, the new government can begin.

June 21, 1788 - New Hampshire is the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, therefore putting it into effect. However, New York and Virginia had not yet ratified the Constitution and these states' acceptance was necessary for the Constitution to work.

June 25, 1788 - Virginia ratifies the Constitution.

July 26, 1788 - New York ratifies the Constitution.

Bill of Rights:
The promise of a Bill of Rights helped the Constitution get ratified in several important states.

The amendments in the Bill of Rights were written to protect individual liberties against possible unjust rule by the national government.

Madison suggested 15 amendments; Congress accepted 12 to be submitted to the states. Ten were approved by the states and added to the Constitution as the Bill of Rights.

December 15, 1791 - The Bill of Rights goes into effect.

Constitutional Amendments:
An amendment may be proposed by two-thirds of each house of Congress, or by a national convention called by Congress in response to requests by two-thirds of the state legislatures.

It becomes part of the Constitution after being ratified either by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states or by conventions in three-fourths of the states.

Congress decides which form of ratification should be used and how much time the states have to consider each amendment.

The process of amending the Constitution was designed to be difficult.

Amendments:
Amendment 1 - Freedom of religion, speech, and the press; rights of assembly and petition - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 2 - Right to bear arms - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 3 - Housing of soldiers - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 4 - Search and arrest warrants - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 5 - Rights in criminal cases - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 6 - Rights to a fair trial - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 7 - Rights in civil cases - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 8 - Bails, fines and punishments - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 9 - Rights retained by the people - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 10 - Powers retained by the states and the people - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified December 15, 1791

Amendment 11 - Lawsuits against states - proposed March 4, 1794; ratified February 7, 1795

Amendment 12 - Election of the president and vice president - proposed December 9, 1803; ratified July 27, 1804

Amendment 13 - Abolition of slavery - proposed January 31, 1865; ratified December 5, 1865

Amendment 14 - Civil rights - proposed June 13, 1866; ratified July 9, 1868

Amendment 15 - Black suffrage - proposed February 26, 1869; ratified February 3, 1870

Amendment 16 - Income taxes - proposed July 12, 1909; ratified February 3, 1913

Amendment 17 - Direct election of senators - proposed May 13, 1912; ratified April 8, 1913

Amendment 18 - Prohibition of liquor - proposed December 18, 1917; ratified December 16, 1919

Amendment 19 - Woman suffrage - proposed June 4, 1919; ratified August 18, 1920

Amendment 20 - Terms of the president and Congress - proposed March 2, 1932; ratified January 23, 1933

Amendment 21 - Repeal of prohibition - proposed February 20, 1933; ratified December 5, 1933

Amendment 22 - Limitation of presidents to two terms - proposed March 24, 1947; ratified February 27, 1951

Amendment 23 - Suffrage in the District of Columbia - proposed June 16, 1960; ratified March 21, 1961

Amendment 24 - Poll taxes - proposed August 27, 1962; ratified January 23, 1964

Amendment 25 - Presidential disability and succession - proposed July 6, 1965; ratified February 10, 1967

Amendment 26 - Suffrage for 18-year-olds - proposed March 23, 1971; ratified July 1, 1971

Amendment 27 - Congressional salaries - proposed September 25, 1789; ratified May 7, 1992

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 313166

Reported Deaths: 7228
CountyCasesDeaths
DeSoto21496257
Hinds20294414
Harrison17814309
Rankin13573278
Jackson13411246
Madison10066217
Lee9962173
Jones8364163
Forrest7649152
Lauderdale7181240
Lowndes6370145
Lamar621686
Lafayette6171118
Washington5323133
Bolivar4797132
Oktibbeha461498
Panola4561105
Pearl River4499145
Marshall4397103
Warren4380121
Pontotoc419572
Monroe4100133
Union409076
Neshoba4026176
Lincoln3950110
Hancock377786
Leflore3487125
Sunflower335790
Tate332484
Pike3301105
Scott315373
Alcorn311968
Yazoo310769
Itawamba299477
Copiah296465
Simpson294788
Coahoma294379
Tippah287768
Prentiss279560
Adams269582
Marion268880
Leake266273
Wayne262341
Grenada260386
Covington256381
George246848
Newton246061
Winston226881
Tishomingo225967
Jasper220848
Attala214173
Chickasaw207157
Holmes188673
Clay184754
Stone182033
Tallahatchie178140
Clarke177879
Calhoun170132
Yalobusha163337
Smith162234
Walthall133845
Greene130333
Lawrence128323
Montgomery126742
Noxubee126734
Perry125938
Amite122842
Carroll121728
Webster114532
Jefferson Davis106932
Tunica104826
Claiborne102230
Benton99125
Humphreys96133
Kemper95428
Franklin83623
Quitman80216
Choctaw76118
Wilkinson66930
Jefferson65428
Sharkey50317
Issaquena1686
Unassigned00

Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Cases: 530325

Reported Deaths: 10966
CountyCasesDeaths
Jefferson763971520
Mobile40908804
Madison34717503
Tuscaloosa25730452
Montgomery24314588
Shelby23401249
Baldwin21107307
Lee15856171
Calhoun14488314
Morgan14282279
Etowah13819353
Marshall12210223
Houston10557280
Elmore10044205
Limestone9954150
Cullman9649193
St. Clair9644242
Lauderdale9419241
DeKalb8825185
Talladega8214175
Walker7223277
Autauga6918108
Jackson6804112
Blount6651137
Colbert6292134
Coffee5506119
Dale4828111
Russell440638
Chilton4279112
Franklin425582
Covington4118118
Tallapoosa4019152
Escambia393276
Chambers3559123
Dallas3547151
Clarke350861
Marion3113100
Pike310577
Lawrence299898
Winston274072
Bibb260464
Marengo249264
Geneva249077
Pickens234160
Barbour230757
Hale222677
Butler215969
Fayette212062
Henry188744
Cherokee184445
Randolph179941
Monroe177340
Washington167039
Macon158750
Clay156156
Crenshaw152057
Cleburne148741
Lamar141934
Lowndes138653
Wilcox127030
Bullock123041
Conecuh110129
Perry107526
Coosa107128
Sumter104332
Greene92334
Choctaw60424
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