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Somalia Fast Facts

Here's a look at Somalia, an impoverished, war-torn eastern African country that borders the Gulf of Aden, t...

Posted: Aug 21, 2018 12:38 PM
Updated: Aug 21, 2018 12:39 PM

Here's a look at Somalia, an impoverished, war-torn eastern African country that borders the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, Ethiopia and Kenya.

About Somalia:
(CIA World Fact Book)
Area: 637,657 sq km (slightly smaller than Texas)

Accidents, disasters and safety

Africa

Al-Shabaab

Armed forces

Crime, law enforcement and corrections

Crimes against persons

Criminal offenses

Eastern Africa

Ethiopia

Famine

Hijacking

Hostage taking

International relations

Military

Military casualties

Mogadishu

National security

Natural disasters

North America

Somalia

Terrorism

Treaties and agreements

United Nations

United States

Unrest, conflicts and war

War casualties

Fast Facts

Business and industry sectors

International assistance

International relations and national security

Marine transportation

Marine vessels

Terrorism and counter-terrorism

Transportation and warehousing

Business, economy and trade

Famine and food shortages

Societal issues

Society

Continents and regions

Government organizations - Intl

Misc criminal offenses

The Americas

Population: 11,031,386 (2017 est.)

Median age: 18.1 years

Capital: Mogadishu

Ethnic groups: Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)

Religion: Sunni Muslim (Islam)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $18.66 (2017 est.)

Other Facts:
Somalia is part of the Horn of Africa in the region of eastern Africa. Other countries include Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. This region is subject to repetitive cycles of drought and famine.

Timeline:
July 1, 1960 - The new country of Somalia is formed through the union of newly independent territories British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland.

1969 - Mohamed Siad Barre leads a bloodless coup and becomes dictator.

1977-1978 - Somalia invades the Ogaden region of Ethiopia. Ethiopia rebels and weakens Somalia's forces. The two countries have fought on and off since 1960.

1988 - Somalia and Ethiopia sign a peace treaty.

January 1991 - President Barre is forced into exile after the United Somali Congress overthrows his military regime in Mogadishu.

December 1992 - Faction leader Ali Mahdi Mohammed and warlord General Mohammed Farah Aidid sign a cease-fire brokered by US envoy Robert Oakley.

December 1992 - Operation Restore Hope is launched by UN coalition forces and led by the United States in an attempt to restore enough order to ensure food distribution to the Somali people.

June 5, 1993 - General Aidid's forces attack and kill 24 UN troops from Pakistan.

September 25, 1993 - An American Black Hawk UH-60 helicopter is shot down over Mogadishu, and three soldiers on board are killed.

October 3-4, 1993 - The Battle of Mogadishu: Two Black Hawk UH-60 helicopters are shot down during a raid on Aidid's high-level staff at Mogadishu's Olympic Hotel. Eighteen US soldiers and hundreds of Somalis are killed. Pilot Michael Durant is captured.

October 9, 1993 - Aidid calls for a cease-fire with UN forces.

October 14, 1993 - Pilot Michael Durant is freed.

January 1994 - Elder clansmen agree to a new cease-fire. Aidid and Mohammed do not attend the talks.

March 25, 1994 - US troops complete their withdrawal after a 15-month mission.

March 2, 1995 - The last of the UN peacekeepers are evacuated.

June 27, 2005 - Pirates hijack the MV Semlow, a ship carrying UN food aid, and hold the vessel for 100 days.

October 12, 2005 - Another UN ship carrying aid, the MV Miltzow, is hijacked and held for more than 30 hours.

October 2005 - Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi calls on neighboring countries to send warships to patrol Somalia's coast.

November 27, 2005 - Pirates free a Ukrainian cargo ship seized 40 days prior off the coast of Somalia.

April 4, 2006 - The South Korean ship Dongwon-ho 628 is seized off the coast of Somalia. Four months later, the crew is released after a ransom is allegedly paid.

April 2006 - Somalia grants the US Navy permission to patrol coastal waters.

February 25, 2007 - Pirates hijack the MV Rozen, a cargo ship delivering UN food aid to Somalia. The ship and crew are released after 40 days.

2008 - The United States designates Al-Shabaab, a militant group in Somalia linked to al Qaeda, as a foreign terrorist organization.

June 2008 - The UN Security Council unanimously votes to allow countries to send warships into Somalia's waters to combat piracy.

September 25, 2008 - The Ukrainian ship, the MV Faina, is attacked. Its cargo consists of 33 T-72 tanks, rocket launchers and small arms. The ship is released in February after pirates claim they have received a $3.2 million ransom payment.

November 2008 - The Saudi supertanker Sirius Star is hijacked. The ship is released in January 2009 after pirates claim to have received three million dollars in ransom.

April 8, 2009 - Somali pirates hijack the US-flagged cargo ship Maersk Alabama. The captain, Richard Phillips, offers himself as a hostage in order to protect his crew.

April 12, 2009 - Phillips is rescued when US Navy SEAL snipers fatally shoot three pirates and take the fourth into custody.

June 19, 2011 - Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo resigns. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali is appointed as an interim leader until a new prime minister can be appointed.

July 20, 2011 - The United Nations declares a famine in the southern Somalia regions of Bakool and Lower Shabelle.

July 22, 2011 - Terrorist group Al-Shabaab reverses an earlier pledge to allow aid agencies to provide food in famine-stricken areas of southern Somalia.

August 2, 2011 - The United States updates guidance so humanitarian organizations will not be penalized for aid inadvertently falling into the hands of terrorist group Al-Shabaab.

August 8, 2011 - US President Barack Obama announces $105 million in emergency funding for Somalia.

August 11, 2011 - The United States announces another $17 million in emergency aid for Somalia.

September 5, 2011 - The UN Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit releases a report saying a total of four million people in Somalia need humanitarian aid and 750,000 people are in danger of "imminent starvation."

October 4, 2011 - More than 70 people are killed and 150 injured when a truck filled with explosives drives into a government complex in Mogadishu. Most of the victims are students, who were registering for a Turkish education program, and their parents. Al-Shabaab claims responsibility.

September 10, 2012 - Somali parliament members select Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as the new president. The vote marks a milestone for the nation, which has not had a stable central government since Dictator Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown 21 years ago.

January 11, 2013 - French forces attempt to rescue a French intelligence commando held hostage in Somalia by Al-Shabaab. The raid leaves a French soldier dead, another soldier missing and 17 Islamist fighters dead. French President Francois Hollande later acknowledges that the operation "did not succeed" and resulted in the "sacrifice" of two French soldiers and "maybe the assassination" of hostage Denis Allex. Al-Shabaab later declares that it has killed the hostage in retribution for the raid.

January 17, 2013 - For the first time in more than two decades, the United States grants official recognition to the Somali government.

May 2, 2013 - A report, jointly commissioned by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization and the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network, shows that 258,000 Somalis died in the famine between October 2010 and April 2012. Half of the famine victims were children younger than five.

June 19, 2013 - An attack on the UN headquarters in Mogadishu leaves at least 14 people dead and 15 others wounded. Al-Shabaab claims responsibility for the attack.

March 5, 2016 - A US strike in Somalia kills as many as 150 suspected Al-Shabaab fighters, according to the Pentagon. Both manned and unmanned aircraft are used.

February 8, 2017 - Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, who resigned as prime minister in 2011, is elected president.

February 23, 2017 - President Mohamed names Hassan Ali Khaire prime minister.

October 14, 2017 - At least 300 people are confirmed dead after a double car bombing in Mogadishu. Less than two months later, authorities announce that the death toll has climbed to 512.

November 3, 2017 - For the first time, the United States conducts airstrikes targeting ISIS militants in northeastern Somalia. Unmanned drones make the two airstrikes.

July 25, 2018 - Somalia announces it will pursue its first prosecution for female genital mutilation, after a 10-year-old dies following the procedure.

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 61125

Reported Deaths: 1711
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Hinds5269106
DeSoto332627
Madison229756
Harrison215232
Rankin214628
Jackson199434
Jones177457
Forrest164053
Washington149232
Lauderdale132988
Lee123930
Neshoba119788
Lamar112112
Oktibbeha105435
Lowndes98932
Warren96427
Scott95517
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Copiah91724
Panola91211
Sunflower90822
Lafayette88111
Holmes84747
Leflore84059
Pike83232
Grenada81320
Yazoo78611
Leake76825
Lincoln74540
Pontotoc7377
Wayne73321
Simpson71227
Monroe70250
Coahoma66310
Tate65023
Marion60118
Covington58811
Adams58425
Marshall5718
Winston57115
George5475
Union53113
Newton51611
Attala49824
Tallahatchie49310
Pearl River48536
Walthall45318
Chickasaw43819
Noxubee41910
Claiborne40013
Smith38013
Calhoun3788
Jasper3768
Clay37013
Alcorn3574
Prentiss3426
Hancock33614
Tishomingo3204
Lawrence3135
Tippah31212
Yalobusha31210
Itawamba30710
Clarke30025
Montgomery2933
Tunica2786
Humphreys27111
Carroll24511
Greene22611
Quitman2251
Kemper22315
Perry2227
Amite2105
Jefferson Davis2026
Webster19912
Jefferson1936
Wilkinson18712
Sharkey1801
Stone1523
Choctaw1274
Benton1250
Franklin1162
Issaquena211
Unassigned00

Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Confirmed Cases: 90890

Reported Deaths: 1611
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Jefferson11859225
Mobile9086191
Montgomery6249143
Madison501425
Tuscaloosa397463
Baldwin321023
Shelby305032
Marshall296630
Unassigned273453
Lee250540
Morgan222315
Etowah193026
DeKalb170113
Elmore160237
Calhoun15609
Walker147063
Houston131912
Dallas128823
Russell12331
St. Clair121712
Franklin119620
Limestone119613
Cullman114111
Colbert109312
Lauderdale107112
Autauga102420
Escambia97915
Talladega91813
Jackson8283
Chambers82138
Tallapoosa81478
Dale78520
Butler75235
Blount7363
Chilton7106
Coffee7095
Covington70920
Pike6607
Barbour5635
Lowndes55224
Marion54224
Marengo52014
Clarke4869
Hale45926
Bullock43811
Perry4294
Winston42911
Wilcox4059
Monroe3914
Randolph38810
Bibb3743
Conecuh37310
Pickens3679
Sumter36118
Lawrence3100
Washington31011
Macon30913
Crenshaw2863
Choctaw27412
Henry2453
Cherokee2427
Greene24211
Geneva2320
Clay2175
Lamar1982
Fayette1745
Cleburne1211
Coosa922
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