Shenzhen joins the high line craze

They've got one in New York. Paris arguably had the first. And Tokyo's has been a huge hipster success. So it was, pe...

Posted: May 17, 2018 10:59 AM
Updated: May 17, 2018 10:59 AM

They've got one in New York. Paris arguably had the first. And Tokyo's has been a huge hipster success. So it was, perhaps, inevitable that China would get a high line of its own.

Architectural firm Hassell has won a competition to design a 1.6-kilometer elevated walkway that would transform Shenzhen's Qianhai business district.

Dubbed the Silk Road Corridor, the winning design proposes connecting buildings and city streets in the area with a multi-level green corridor that would feature a jogging and cycling path, as well as outdoor dining areas and events venues.

It would be the new "social heart" of the district -- a "mixed cultural, recreational and education precinct" within a large park setting, says Dennis Ho, principal and project leader at Hassell's office in Hong Kong.

Beginning of high ambitions

The New York High Line may be the world's most-famous elevated walkway, sparking a global trend for such projects. But when it opened in 2009 it was not technically anything new. New York's success was in expertly refining an existing concept. And giving it a catchy name.

Paris, in fact, created the first elevated walkway on a disused rail line -- aka high line -- back in 1993. The Promenade Plant-e tracks the former Vincennes railway, which was constructed in 1859 and last saw a working train in 1969.

Verdant and visually stunning, it was groundbreaking. But tucked away in the city's 12th arrondissement, most tourists have never heard of it.

Now its New York successor has sparked a global craze for elevated rails-to-trails projects that seems unstoppable.

Copy cats

The Seoullo 7017 opened in 2017 in the Korean capital. Designed by Rotterdam-based architects MVRDV, its name is a portmanteau of 2017 and 1970, the latter being the year the mile-long stretch of overpass on which it stands originally opened.

The walkway connects Seoul Station to Namdaemun Market, and beyond, and features almost 25,000 trees, shrubs and flowers in cylindrical planters which light up blue at night.

Critics, however, have said the "bleak" viaduct fails to shield visitors from the elements and contains too much concrete and too little greenery.

The Seoul creation arrives two years after 2015, a killer year which saw the opening of the Log Road Daikanyama in Tokyo, Japan; the Bloomingdale Trail in Chicago, United States; the Luchtsingel in Rotterdam, Netherlands; and the Goods Line in Sydney, Australia.

Each city has its own take on the concept.

For the Log Road Daikanyama, the focus is as much on shops and cafes as oaks and shrubs, showcasing Japan's flourishing craft beer scene -- one of the reasons Vogue magazine dubbed the area "the Brooklyn of Tokyo".

Meanwhile, the Luchtsingel was the "world's first crowdfunded public infrastructure project," with individuals paying to customize planks along the trail for -25 ($28). A -4 million ($4.5 million) municipal grant also helped this blazing yellow path connect three areas that had been impassable by foot or bike.

'I wanna be a part of it'

So what exactly made New York's High Line so franchisable?

Firstly, it had a perfect location. Perched on Manhattan's Far West Side, it offered an elevated view of Midtown skyscrapers, the Hudson River, West Chelsea and the Meat Packing district. All in an area that had traditionally been industrial, relatively affordable (for Manhattan) and overlooked by tourists.

For charm, landscape architecture firm James Corner Field Operations kept the rusting freight rail tracks and plants were encouraged to grow among them. It was both fresh and urban.

Today, a catwalk for joggers, commuters and, increasingly, tourists, since 2014 it has attracted 20 million visitors.

Professor Ray Bromley, director of globalization studies at the University at Albany, New York, tells CNN he believes it was the "extreme contrast" between the horizontal path of the walkway and the striking verticals of the skyscrapers that made the High Line so successful.

That juxtaposition, of course, had worked once before in New York.

"When Central Park was developed in Manhattan in the late 19th century, people started to really appreciate this extraordinary contrast between the buildings and the green space," he explains.

Bromley notes that after Central Park "the buildings with the highest real estate value became those that overlooked the green space. And they still are."

High Line, high prices

The Manhattan High Line's effect on nearby real estate no doubt also caught city planners' attention.

While it cost $187 million and took three years to build, New York recouped construction costs within a year, according to a study by Michael Levere, a PhD candidate in economics at the University of California San Diego, thanks to an accompanying boost in property taxes triggered by the surge of real estate development in the area.

The value of real estate around its first section is now more than double that of properties just a block away.

Chelsea warehouses have been converted into upscale lofts, and new developments by "starchitects" abound, including the last apartment building by the late British designer Zaha Hadid, condos by Norman Foster (551W21 boasts a 61ft sky pool) and 505 West 19th Street, a block by Danish designer Thomas Juul-Hansen, which has slanted windows to protect against nosy passers-by.

James Howard Kunstler, an American social critic and author of "The Geography of Nowhere," tells CNN he believes the High Line has become the most potent form of downtown regeneration "because the despotic presence of cars and trucks degraded the quality of the most ubiquitous form of urban public space, the street".

Indeed, the gentrifying effect has not been limited to New York.

In Chicago, around The Bloomingdale Trail, an elevated railroad that brings greenery to a neighborhood which previously had the smallest amount of open space per capita in that city, property prices climbed more than 7% in three months -- before it had even opened.

Low points of the High Line?

Adapting New York's model, however, is not a guarantee for success, according to urban theorist Christoph Lindner.

"In many cities -- from London to Bangkok -- there are attempts to replicate the High Line. The majority of them tend to stall and turn out not to be economically viable. Most don't get off the ground," the editor of "Deconstructing the High Line: Postindustrial Urbanism and the Rise of the Elevated Park" tells CNN.

Among the non-starters are the Chapultepec Cultural Corridor in Mexico City and London's Garden Bridge. The Hofbogen in Rotterdam has been mired in financial woes for years, while the PetiteCeinture in Paris appears to have been put on ice, in favor of building houses.

And even when it comes to those that do succeed, not everyone is happy.

"The Manhattan High Line unlocked an explosion of gentrification," says Lindner, "or even hyper-gentrification -- where the rich have been replaced by the super-rich."

There are concerns that the proposed QueensWay in Queens, New York, which plans to up-cycle a stretch of abandoned Long Island railway, will have a similar effect.

"What's very interesting is the level of pushback from the local community," adds Lindner, referring to protests about the loss of privacy in the area if tourists stream in and potential gentrification.

The local Woodhaven Residents' Block Association has said: "We believe that leaving the abandoned rail line alone is the best way to satisfy the needs and desires of as many residents as possible."

From high to low

Lindner predicts that "we're going to see a saturation of this concept quite soon".

But for now that doesn't seem to be the case. New projects in the pipeline include the Camden High Line in north London, Singapore's Green Corridor and Philadelphia's Reading Viaduct.

Sharon Zukin, a professor of sociology at Brooklyn College and author of "Naked City," says the concept has become so popular because it satisfies two important criteria for modern cities: the desire to rejuvenate "the industrial detritus of the 19th century" and the need to cater to the growing "experience economy."

The rails-to-trails concept offers "a rare way of experiencing being in the city."

On New York's Lower East Side that concept is being taken one step further by the LowLine -- if built, it will be the world's first underground park.

Located in a one-acre former tram terminal abandoned since 1948, when the service was discontinued, it would rely on "solar collection dishes" above ground to channel light beneath.

"The novelty value is going to wear off," asserts Lindner. But, he insists, "the general trend of adaptive reuse will continue."

"The pressure on cities, particularly when it comes to creating green space, is so intense that we have to continue to adapt what we've got. We can't just keep expanding."

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 512632

Reported Deaths: 10262
CountyCasesDeaths
Harrison34853555
DeSoto33162432
Hinds32556641
Jackson24830389
Rankin22442402
Lee16238242
Madison14874283
Jones14086247
Forrest13741259
Lauderdale12249324
Lowndes11286193
Lamar10644140
Pearl River9707244
Lafayette8827143
Hancock7835132
Washington7550169
Oktibbeha7204138
Monroe6989179
Pontotoc6970109
Warren6849178
Panola6746134
Neshoba6726210
Marshall6653141
Bolivar6440151
Union633897
Pike5924156
Alcorn5862107
Lincoln5525136
George510180
Prentiss500884
Tippah490282
Itawamba4829107
Scott477499
Adams4766125
Tate4748116
Leflore4723144
Copiah455895
Yazoo455591
Simpson4543117
Wayne442772
Covington432895
Sunflower4299106
Marion4265112
Coahoma4227109
Leake413790
Newton395581
Tishomingo381793
Grenada3775109
Stone365666
Jasper340166
Attala337790
Winston317792
Chickasaw313367
Clay311878
Clarke301195
Calhoun284449
Holmes271289
Smith268952
Yalobusha243747
Tallahatchie231453
Greene224749
Walthall221366
Lawrence217840
Perry213356
Amite209557
Webster205148
Noxubee188642
Montgomery181557
Carroll174441
Jefferson Davis173643
Tunica163239
Benton152639
Kemper144941
Choctaw136527
Claiborne134238
Humphreys131139
Franklin124929
Quitman107528
Wilkinson105939
Jefferson96834
Sharkey65121
Issaquena1957
Unassigned00

Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Cases: 844594

Reported Deaths: 16115
CountyCasesDeaths
Jefferson1160612006
Mobile741651379
Madison53255732
Shelby38313368
Baldwin38061589
Tuscaloosa35996641
Montgomery34473781
Lee25541263
Calhoun22582518
Morgan22441406
Etowah20009517
Marshall18771316
Houston17723425
St. Clair16863358
Limestone16123218
Cullman16032303
Elmore15902294
Lauderdale14945306
Talladega14186299
DeKalb12957269
Walker12011380
Blount10700192
Autauga10512157
Jackson10151194
Coffee9412192
Colbert9325208
Dale9013191
Tallapoosa7248201
Russell707465
Chilton7015170
Escambia6951143
Covington6926195
Franklin6337108
Chambers5778142
Marion5400130
Dallas5283209
Pike5114109
Clarke484986
Lawrence4826129
Winston4777110
Geneva4640136
Bibb434094
Barbour369180
Butler3433100
Marengo342393
Monroe336666
Randolph334067
Pickens333188
Fayette329885
Henry320566
Hale317989
Cherokee316963
Crenshaw260477
Washington256952
Cleburne254360
Lamar251253
Clay250869
Macon244764
Conecuh192762
Coosa184647
Lowndes178168
Wilcox177438
Bullock152545
Perry141840
Sumter139041
Greene130245
Choctaw93228
Out of AL00
Unassigned00
Tupelo
Clear
33° wxIcon
Hi: 49° Lo: 31°
Feels Like: 33°
Columbus
Clear
30° wxIcon
Hi: 50° Lo: 31°
Feels Like: 30°
Oxford
Clear
28° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 28°
Feels Like: 28°
Starkville
Clear
28° wxIcon
Hi: 51° Lo: 31°
Feels Like: 28°
High pressure will continue to dominate our weather forecast for our Saturday. This will keep us filled with plenty of sunshine in our weather forecast for our Saturday.
WTVA Radar
WTVA Temperatures
WTVA Severe Weather