Measles tripled in Europe in 2017, European CDC reports

Thirty European nations reported a total of 14,451 measles cases in 2017 -- more than three times the number reported...

Posted: Feb 14, 2018 7:48 PM
Updated: Feb 14, 2018 7:48 PM

Thirty European nations reported a total of 14,451 measles cases in 2017 -- more than three times the number reported in 2016, according to a new surveillance update from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, an agency of the European Union. There were 4,643 reported cases in 2016.

Measles symptoms include high fever, rash all over the body, stuffy nose and reddened eyes. The virus that causes measles can be transmitted through contact with the secretions of or breathing airborne droplets from an infected person.

Romania reported the most measles cases in 2017: 38% of the total

Measles is a leading cause of child deaths, according to the World Health Organization

Measles is one of the leading causes of death for children, according to the World Health Organization, which estimates that 450 die each day worldwide due to the illness.

The 30 nations surveyed are part of the European Union and/or the European Economic Area. Between January 1 and December 31, 2017, Romania reported the most cases (5,560), followed by Italy (5,004), Greece (967) and Germany (929). These four nations contributed 38%, 35%, 7% and 6%, respectively, of all reported cases.

The total number of measles cases may be an underestimation, particularly in Romania, the ECDC warned. An ongoing outbreak there has caused delays in case-based reporting.

All but two of the EU/European Economic Area countries, Latvia and Malta, reported measles cases for 2017.

Based on laboratory or epidemiological evidence, 27 countries reported the origins of their measles cases in 2017. The status, then, was known for 13,541 cases (94%). Of these, about 89% were classified as endemic (generally found in the area), while 3% were classified as imported, and 9% were import-related.

In 2017, 37% of the people infected with measles were younger than 5 years old, 18% were between 5 and 15, and 45% were 15 or older, the ECDC reported. Children younger than 1 saw the highest incidence, followed by children between the ages of 1 and 4.

The 2017 annual report also looked at vaccination rates among those diagnosed with measles in the EU/EEA nations. Like its US counterpart, the ECDC recommends two doses of MMR vaccine to reach immunity against measles.

Among the total cases, 13,610 (about 94%) had a known vaccination status; of these, 87% had not been vaccinated, 8% had been vaccinated with one dose, and 3% had been vaccinated with two or more doses. Two percent had been vaccinated with an unknown number of doses.

The proportion of unvaccinated cases was highest among children younger than 1 (96%); they are still too young to have received the first dose of the measles vaccine. Meanwhile, unknown vaccination status was highest in adults between the ages of 25 and 29 (13%).

Infants are vulnerable to complications of measles, so they are best protected by herd immunity, the ECDC advises. Herd immunity is achieved when at least 95% of the total population of a country gets the recommended two doses of vaccine.

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 14372

Reported Deaths: 693
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Hinds95924
Lauderdale71358
Madison69422
Scott63010
Neshoba58937
Jones56622
Forrest52338
DeSoto5036
Leake40012
Rankin3856
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Jackson30313
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Washington1667
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Wayne1540
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Jasper1524
Smith14511
Covington1431
Clarke13818
Kemper13611
Chickasaw13012
Lafayette1274
Lee1245
Carroll11511
Coahoma1144
Marion1149
Clay1084
Winston1051
Lawrence1021
Simpson950
Hancock8711
Wilkinson859
Yalobusha855
Grenada853
Itawamba847
Montgomery811
Union805
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Jefferson Davis772
Marshall773
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Tippah7111
Claiborne692
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Webster611
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Amite561
Tunica533
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Perry503
Prentiss423
Jefferson400
Choctaw342
Stone300
Pontotoc293
Tishomingo280
Franklin282
Tallahatchie261
Quitman250
George211
Benton150
Alcorn141
Greene91
Sharkey70
Unassigned00

Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Confirmed Cases: 16530

Reported Deaths: 591
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Mobile2124112
Jefferson1712100
Montgomery154134
Tuscaloosa67813
Marshall6689
Lee53332
Franklin5147
Shelby48419
Tallapoosa41864
Butler39213
Chambers34924
Madison3184
Elmore3137
Walker2991
Baldwin2819
Etowah24411
Dallas2443
DeKalb2413
Morgan2311
Coffee2241
Lowndes22210
Sumter2136
Autauga2053
Houston1884
Bullock1833
Pike1790
Colbert1612
Russell1590
Marengo1556
Lauderdale1532
Calhoun1523
Hale1517
Choctaw1488
Wilcox1347
Barbour1321
Clarke1292
Randolph1257
Marion11911
St. Clair1161
Pickens1014
Talladega1003
Dale990
Chilton971
Cullman960
Greene924
Limestone870
Winston820
Covington771
Jackson752
Crenshaw722
Bibb711
Henry712
Macon712
Washington666
Blount581
Escambia493
Lawrence460
Geneva400
Conecuh351
Coosa351
Monroe352
Perry350
Cherokee342
Clay272
Lamar210
Fayette130
Cleburne131
Unassigned00
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