The genius strategy behind Amazon's HQ2 search

Amazon last year announced it would effectively crowd source its search for a location to build a $5 billion second h...

Posted: Feb 2, 2018 3:00 PM
Updated: Feb 2, 2018 3:00 PM

Amazon last year announced it would effectively crowd source its search for a location to build a $5 billion second headquarters. Cities across North America mobilized. They submitted splashy campaigns, assembled thick proposals and outlined big financial incentives to try to catch Amazon's eye.

The company has winnowed the field to 20. Now, while all eyes are on which city will win, there's another dynamic at play.

Through the search process, Amazon has gained valuable data about the 238 metro areas that submitted bids, such as details about their labor force, quality of life, access to mass transit, and the availability of local incentives like tax breaks.

That data could help Amazon, which is rapidly and continually evolving beyond its roots as an online reseller of books, when it's deciding where to locate future sites.

The benefits flowed both ways: Amazon got a trove of information about potential future locations of warehouses, fulfillment centers and research and development offices. And dozens of cities got on the radar of one of America's most innovative and expansive companies.

"Even if cities don't win [HQ2], it's a good thing to be in front of Amazon management to convince them about the strengths of their city. This is not the last major location decision that Amazon will be making," said Ravi Madhavan, a professor at University of Pittsburgh's business school.

Related: The city Amazon picks will change forever

A bid by Kansas City, Missouri, didn't make the final 20 cut. But its proposal highlighting a local alliance that helps veterans get hired after leaving the military piqued Amazon's interest, according to a person familiar with the HQ2 bids. Amazon, which has pledged to hire 25,000 veterans and military spouses by 2021, might consider the city for an investment down the line, the person said.

Kansas City's STEM education program for preschool to 12th graders also indicates it could have a pipeline of strong technical talent in the coming years.

New Orleans' application also caught Amazon's attention. The city has a program that connects businesses and universities to make sure what's being taught in the classroom reflects business needs, the source said.

Amazon itself has said the metro areas that were not selected could be contenders for another facility.

"Through this process we learned about many new communities across North America that we will consider as locations for future infrastructure investment and job creation," Holly Sullivan of Amazon Public Policy previously said in a statement.

The Amazon team behind the second headquarters search includes employees from a variety of departments, including HR, data analytics and real estate.

Related: What you need to know about Amazon's 20 final cities

The HQ2 search process highlighted some metro areas that previously weren't on Amazon's radar.

"For some communities, it may position them to be a candidate for certain projects when maybe they wouldn't have been otherwise," said Mark Sweeney, senior principal with McCallum Sweeney Consulting, which provides site selection services and economic development consulting to companies.

However, Sweeney cautioned that a warehouse is not the same as a massive second headquarters employing as many as 50,000 people.

"The [HQ2] package and offering is not going to be immediately transferable to other projects," Sweeney said.

For example, cities may not be as willing to offer the same incentives for a smaller facility. Additionally, proposed real estate sites may no longer be available in a few years.

But the HQ2 proposals could still give Amazon an edge in future negotiations with that community, since the company has some knowledge of existing incentive programs, he said.

Related: Why you want Amazon to be your new neighbor

The contest-like search process also has another benefit for Amazon and many of the cities: a lot of good publicity.

"This was a strategic move by Amazon," said Michael Lenox, a professor and senior associate dean of the University of Virginia's Darden School of Business. "By knowing how attractive the second headquarters would be for communities and putting it out for competitive bids, they've encouraged so much interest and effort on their behalf from all of these municipalities."

Cities have also received a lot of attention due to HQ2. For example, Birmingham, Alabama made headlines when it installed several massive Amazon delivery boxes around the city. Kansas City's Mayor Sly James wrote five-star reviews for 1,000 random items on Amazon's website. Tuscon, Arizona, sent Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos a giant cactus.

Amazon has added to the buzz by being coy about next steps in the process. It's unclear if Amazon will release an even smaller list before announcing the winning city.

The 20 metro areas still in the running include Atlanta, Austin, Los Angeles, New York City, Newark, Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. Amazon will make a decision this year.

Mississippi Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 149940

Reported Deaths: 3779
CountyCasesDeaths
DeSoto10097104
Hinds9984199
Harrison7116110
Jackson6360119
Rankin5588103
Lee509195
Madison4799106
Forrest383186
Jones357688
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Monroe198177
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Tate169851
Union167325
Copiah164140
Pike162658
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Scott154829
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Attala113034
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Chickasaw107632
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Tallahatchie97027
Clay91327
Clarke90553
Jasper82822
Stone77014
Walthall76928
Calhoun75513
Montgomery74525
Carroll72415
Lawrence71814
Smith71316
Yalobusha71327
Noxubee71017
Perry67026
Tunica61019
Greene60322
Claiborne58616
Jefferson Davis57017
Amite54014
Humphreys53619
Benton49318
Quitman4927
Webster44314
Kemper43618
Wilkinson39822
Jefferson35211
Franklin3395
Choctaw3357
Sharkey30917
Issaquena1164
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Alabama Coronavirus Cases

Cases: 244993

Reported Deaths: 3572
CountyCasesDeaths
Jefferson32314500
Mobile19859361
Madison13223148
Tuscaloosa13049154
Montgomery12342236
Shelby1031577
Baldwin873398
Lee775766
Morgan662650
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Marshall627255
Houston525638
DeKalb485536
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Limestone425145
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Elmore406864
Walker3657111
Talladega351454
Jackson320423
Colbert311942
Blount292240
Autauga273542
Franklin252633
Coffee245415
Dale232654
Dallas226232
Chilton223438
Russell22193
Covington218934
Escambia198331
Chambers176850
Tallapoosa176391
Pike158614
Clarke158419
Marion140236
Winston133023
Lawrence127936
Pickens123518
Geneva12218
Marengo121524
Bibb117917
Barbour117310
Butler116541
Randolph102921
Cherokee102224
Hale97031
Clay91924
Fayette91616
Washington91219
Henry8546
Lowndes79929
Monroe78911
Cleburne77214
Macon73722
Crenshaw71130
Bullock69619
Perry6886
Conecuh68414
Lamar6798
Wilcox63518
Sumter58122
Greene42618
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