The jury is out on whether hip-hop artists are making more political tracks in the era of Donald Trump or whether conscious rap - which has always been a defining component of the genre - is now in the forefront because people are experiencing an awakening and are more willing to listen.
There was a wealth of socially conscious content infused in hip-hop in 2017 and, in contrast to 2016, which produced a wave of anti-Trump protest songs, many of this year's top tracks look past the President and take on institutionalized racism and systemic problems: from mass incarceration to police brutality. Essentially, you could say that this year many artists were "woke."
But let's clear up the meaning of "stay woke" first.
The phrase originated among black activists to encourage skepticism in political systems that have perpetuated racism, but "#StayWoke" has been used much more liberally over the last few years to describe any form of political engagement - whenever a white or a privileged person appears aware of racial injustices, whenever a celebrity takes the time to speak out about something political and even as a meme-able joke to indicate knowledge about anything (Charles Pulliam-Moore wrote an article about the phrase's evolution that you can check out here).
But in exploring some of the top hip-hop artists and influencers who kept America "woke" in 2017, the original meaning of the phrase is intended. Through their music, writing or activism, these are just a few of the individuals who invigorated political debates and activated social movements this year.
Jay-Z explores racism and the black experience in America in his Grammy-nominated album, "4:44."
Standout track: "The Story of O.J." explores the generational subjugation of African-Americans, and the video examines black stereotypes through the use of black and white cartoons.
"'The Story of O.J.' is really a song about we as a culture, having a plan, how we're gonna push this forward," the hip-hop mogul told iHeart Radio. "We all make money, and then we all lose money, as artists especially. But how, when you have some type of success, to transform that into something bigger."
Jay-Z also lent his voice to a national debate about mass incarceration when rapper Meek Mill was sentenced to two-to-four years in prison after probation violations.
"On the surface, this may look like the story of yet another criminal rapper who didn't smarten up and is back where he started," he wrote in a New York Times op-ed. "But consider this: Meek was around 19 when he was convicted on charges relating to drug and gun possession, and he served an eight-month sentence. Now he's 30, so he has been on probation for basically his entire adult life. For about a decade, he's been stalked by a system that considers the slightest infraction a justification for locking him back inside."
In what is perhaps the fiercest and the most exhaustive attack against Trump in hip-hop, Eminem unleashed on the President an explosive 4.5-minute freestyle rap in a BET Hip Hop Awards cypher in October.
What distinguished this statement from others is that artists often take political stances, but they don't often address their own fans out of fear they will lose supporters. But the Detroit rapper made it clear that he does not want their support if they back Trump:
"And any fan of mine who's a supporter of his, I'm drawing in the sand a line, you're either for or against, and if you can't decide who you like more and you're split on who you should stand beside, I'll do it for it for you with this. F--- you," he said toward the end, raising his middle finger.
Eminem's 2017 album "Revival" was released in December.
"Untouchable," which voices support for the Black Lives Matter movement and speaks out against police brutality.
"Walk on Water," an uplifting track featuring Beyonc-, and "Like Home," featuring Alicia Keys, which criticizes Trump's vision of America.
"Woke Eminem," as some referred to him, got mixed reviews but sparked a conversation about whether white rappers have a responsibility to speak out against racism and white privilege.
3) Kendrick Lamar
Lamar largely stays out of social media debates and instead speaks through his art. The California emcee broke down the difference between his 2017 Grammy-nominated album, "Damn" and his 2015 album "To Pimp a Butterfly":
"The best way for me to put it, 'To Pimp a Butterfly' would be the idea of the thought of changing the world and how we worked and approached things," Lamar told Zane Lowe, host of Apple's Beats 1 radio station. "'Damn' would be the idea, I can't change the world until I change myself. So when you listen to records like 'Pride,' 'Humble,' 'Lust,' 'Love,' these are all just human emotions and me looking in the mirror and coming to grips with them."
Standout tracks: The album is full of political prophesies, but these songs have some more explicit political references:
"The Heart Part 4" slams Trump, calling out the administration on Russia and criticizing the Electoral College system, which led to Trump's 2016 win.
"XXX," featuring U2, is a layered and complex critique of systemic racism and American militarism and expresses the notion that America is not good to everyone.
On a personal level, the song explores the themes of pain, faith and revenge, featuring lyrics such as: "Donald Trump's in office/ We lost Barack and promised to never doubt him again/ But is America honest, or do we bask in sin?" Central to the song is a story of Johnny, a child who was shot and killed on the streets. Johnny's father seeks faith, but Lamar urges revenge, which could be interpreted as taking action against injustice.
Rapsody celebrates the black experience and provides listeners with an uplifting soundtrack to an era marked by political turmoil in her Grammy-nominated album "Laila's Wisdom," which was named after her maternal grandmother.
Standout track: "Power," featuring Lamar.
Rapsody broke down the lyrics in an interview with #GetPolitical: "I touch on just how we have power as people and how a lot of times we don't know the power that we have and how powerful our voices are, especially if we come together and use them, even if we're talking about how some may feel about the current administration."
In the video below, Rapsody reflects on the politics of "Laila's Wisdom."
5) Joey Bada$$
The 22-year-old Brooklyn rapper released one of the best hip-hop albums of 2017 and proved there is a thirst for conscious music among young people in America.
"All Amerikkkan Bada$$," is a vivid, free-flowing critique of race and racism in America that touches on white supremacy, mass incarceration and police brutality through the rapper's candid reflections on his experiences as a black man in America.
Standout track: "Land of the Free."
"Today, in 2017, white supremacy means -- because it's harder I guess to see now today as it was before, not really to me -- to me it means privilege, it means prejudice, it means bigotry. It doesn't necessarily mean KKK to me," Joey told CNN's #GetPolitical. "My usage of the KKK in the album is more of a symbol that these people are still here and to this point, they're not as visible. That's why in 'The Land of the Free' video I had the KKK unmask themselves and reveal themselves as police officers or reveal themselves as a judge or a priest."
6) J. Cole
J. Cole is no stranger to political activism, and like Lamar, the North Carolina rapper does not speak out through viral tweets. Instead, he tends to turn to his music to send a message.
He released his platinum-certified album "4 Your Eyez Only" in 2016 and embarked on his 2017 nationwide tour dressed in an orange prison jumpsuit, appearing on stage shackled in chains to highlight the themes of mass incarceration and police brutality that he tackles in his music.
Standout track: "Neighbors" is inspired by real-life events and recounts the time a J. Cole producer said the artist's neighbors racially profiled him and assumed that he was selling drugs from a house he rented in an upscale North Carolina neighborhood, which he used as a studio space. A SWAT team arrived when Cole and his team were out of town.
"They flew helicopters over, sent an entire SWAT team armed with weapons, broke down the door and searched the whole house. ..." Elite, co-executive producer of the album, told Complex. "They go downstairs and all they see is a studio, and obviously they felt stupid. It's just crazy ironic because out of anybody, they picked the wrong person. J. Cole is the last person to do anything like that. He's out here doing extremely positive things for the community and for young artists. Because of obvious racism from the neighbors, the police were called and a raid took place."
The Grammy-nominated artist has also been one of the most prominent supporters of former San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick, who sparked a nationwide debate about patriotism and racism in America last year when he took a knee during the National Anthem to protest racism.
7) Vic Mensa
The Chicago rapper's debut album, "The Autobiography," is a series of raw reflections that blurs the line between the personal with the political, humanizing as well as politicizing issues like racism and depression. Mensa toured with Jay-Z this year.
Standout track: "We Could Be Free," featuring Ty Dolla $ign.
The video spotlights oppression in various areas in the world and highlights the similarities of injustice.
Stay tuned for #GetPolitical's exclusive interview with Mensa, which will be out in the new year.
Honorable Mention: Charlamagne Tha God and "The Breakfast Club"
Charlamagne Tha God, a co-host of hip-hop radio show "The Breakfast Club," may not be an artist himself (a dream he told CNN's #GetPolitical ended when he realized rapping was not his talent), but he is a star in the hip-hop world.
He has never been shy about speaking his mind, and in 2017, Charlamagne dove into the nationwide discussion on race and racism through the release of his first book, "Black Privilege: Opportunity Comes to Those Who Create it."
He explained the title in an interview with CNN's #GetPolitical:
"What I'm simply trying to tell people is I think it's a privilege to be black. You know?" he said. "I think when you look at the word privilege it has two definitions. One definition is advantages granted to a certain community, but the other definition is an honor to be, and I think it's an honor to be in this black skin. I don't think that my black skin is a liability. I don't think it's a burden. I just feel like we have access to a divine system that ... we can tap into what causes us to prosper in spite of everything that's thrown at us in this country."
Along with top names in the music industry, "The Breakfast Club," which is also hosted by Angela Yee and DJ Envy, has featured a slew of political guests, spotlighting everything from presidential politics to social issues.
Jay Z explores racism and the black experience in America in his Grammy-nominated album, "4:44"
Eminem unleashed on Trump in an explosive freestyle, "The Storm"
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